According to Article 3 of the EU packaging materials directive (94 / 62 / EC), "packaging" means "all consumptive resources used to contain, protect, handle, transport and present goods, covering raw materials, manufacturing processes, from producers to consumers".
The main reason for the management / control of packaging materials is that the packaging materials are often discarded by consumers after use, and then into the environmental soil. The hazardous substances contained in them will directly cause harm to the environment.
Maximum concentration limit:
EU packaging materials directive (94 / 62 / EC) regulates the maximum concentration limits of four heavy metals (lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium):
Lead (PB) + cadmium (CD) + mercury (Hg) + hexavalent chromium (Cr + 6) ＜ 100ppm
EN 13427:2004 Packaging - Requirements for the use of European Standards in the field of packaging and packaging waste
EN 13428:2004 Packaging - Requirements specific to manufacturing and composition - Prevention by source reduction
EN 13429:2004 Packaging – Reuse
EN 13430:2004 Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable by material recycling
EN 13431:2004 Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery, including specification of minimum inferior calorific value
EN 13432:2000 Packaging - Requirements for packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation - Test scheme and evaluation criteria for the final acceptance of packaging
Test objects include: product packaging carton, carton, wooden frame, film box, plastic bag, bubble bag, foam, poly dragon, fixed appliance, sheet, rope, paint, ink, tape, glue, binding tape, label and instruction manual.